A 2nd training session involving 13 Moroccan cities from the Club of Cities MobiliseYourCity in calculating Green House Gaz emissions in urban mobility took place in Rabat on February 27th.
The Minister of Home Affairs (Direction General des Collectivités Locales), the MobiliseYourCity Partnership, the French Environment & Energy Management Agency (ADEME) and CEREMA organised a training session for local executive officials in charge of environment and urban mobility. This day gathered around forty attendees, partners and members of the Club of Cities MobiliseYourCity Morocco (Rabat-Salé-Temara, le Grand Casablanca, Oujda, Kenitra, Khouribga, Marrakech, Agadir, Beni-Mellal, El-Jadida, Fès, Safi, Settat, Khemisset).
The day was articulated around three units:
* Finance-Climate and GHG evaluation-reporting as an eligibility criterion
- * Urban mobility and Air quality
- International and Moroccan expériences.
* Content of the formation
The Global Fund for Cities Development (FMDV in French) presented financing mechanisms to finance the actions contributing to the fight against climate change, and the necessity to implement a Greenhouse Gaz Monitoring-Reporting-Verification (GHG – MRV) measuring system in order to make the relevant projects eligible to those funding. Global Infrastructure Basel (GIB) presented a method (SuReStandard, codeveloped with Natixis) aiming at evaluating projects of sustainable and resilient infrastructures with regards to a wide range of criteria related to economic performance, social and environmental issues. The tool used for the evaluations, SmartScan, was also presented. The City of Marrakech shared its experience in acquiring financial support to implement sustainable mobility actions, notably to the Global Environment Fund (GEF) supported by UNDP, and an integrated project in progress to the Global Climate Fund (GCF).
I Care&Consult addressed the air quality thematic bridging it with traffic, and presenting the main polluting agents, their impacts on public health and on the environment, the tools and the monitoring methods, along with the co-benefits between sectorial air quality improvement and GHG reduction strategies to be integrated into urban planification approaches.
The City of Agadir presented the actions implemented in the framework of its Urban Mobility Plan: 1st Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Chronobus line, pedestrianisation of a quarter, self-service bicycle stations, Mobility Plan for the city officials (PDA), citizen awareness campaigns, etc.
The participative approach and the scope of intervention on the Great Agadir area are two priorities of the Urban Mobility Plan. The Great Agadir developed systems to count the traffic, to measure the air pollution, to evaluate the emissions related to the implementation of urban mobility plans and an Observatory of mobilities.
The Secretary of State in charge of Sustainable Development presented the National Inventory System of GHG in Morocco, its achievements and perspectives. I Care&Consult presented the TRIGGER tool, developed by the GIZ and the IFEU, which is the standard method used for the GHG MRV of cities committed with MobiliseYourCity at the international level. It is a calculating tool measuring GHG emissions and allowing the elaboration of climate scenarios into different perspectives and regarding urban mobility politics and measures. The steps to use the tool and its various functions were also presented. In April 2019, the consolidated version of TRIGGER will be released, the tool will be adapted to the context of Morocco to make its use easier for Moroccan cities.
CEREMA presented the Mobility Energy Emissions Diagnosis (DEEM) method based on the experience of three French local authorities: Lille, Toulouse and Val d’Azette. The DEEM are based on Households Mobility surveys, cordon surveys, surveys on Public Urban Transports. They allow a state of play before the elaboration of mobility plans, to compare scenarios, to propose efficient and better adapted actions when they are based on an in-depth understanding of individual mobilities.
Finally, the City of Oujda closed the day with its presentation of its Sustainable Energy Strategy. In 2015, an Emission Baseline Survey (IRE in French) was established based on a real or estimative data based on type of vehicles, and on the basis of fuel consumption. The objective of the city in its 2010 Strategy Horizon is to reduce CO2 emissions by 20%, across all industries. The actions which can be enlighted among the Sustainable Energy Action Plan (PAED), for the transport sector, are: the layout of 12 exchange centres, the improvement of goods delivery in the city-centre, the layout of bus lanes and of 3 BRT, the creation of an observatory of mobility. The PAED is integrated to the Communal Action Plan (PAC) 2017-2020. The Community of Oujda has successfully developed city-to-city cooperations with Lille (France), Dakar (Senegal), Antirabe (Madagascar) and is supported by various programs and partnerships (MobiliseYourCity, CoMun, Jiha Tinou, Villes Vertes, APIELO, Finance Climat, Associations Marocaines des Eco-Villes, etc).
The following days were designed to pursue the specific support of 3 pilot cities (Oujda, Rabat-Salé-Temara, Great Casablanca) to initiate the territorial executives to the use of the TRIGGER tool
The third specific support session will be held by June 2019 and will allow to finalise and make real the adaptation of the TRIGGER tool to the 3 pilot cities. An action plan will be offered for the GHG-MRV approach, its adaptation and dissemination to the Moroccan cities (data collection, development of scenarios considering the impact of mobility measures on the GHG emissions and permitting the decision making). A guide on the GHG-MRV measures will be written for Moroccan territorial executive purposes.
 Fond Mondial pour le Développement des Villes