• Douala


Key Facts

Beneficiary Partner: Urban Community of Douala
Funding source for support: Fonds Français pour l’Environnement Mondial, French Government together with EU INTRA-ACP, European Commission 
Duration of commission: July 2016 – Dec 2019
Volume: 400 000€
Implementing Partners: AFD, CODATU 


Population (year):
Land area (year):
GDP per capita (year):
Urban growth rate
2.7 million
210 km²


The Challenge 

Cameroon, with its 25M inhabitants, is undergoing a rapid population growth. With 52% of its population living in cities, it is the most urbanized country in Central Africa. By 2020, more than two thirds of Cameroonians will live in urban areas. The country is dominated by two major cities: Douala, economic capital (2.7M inhabitants in 2015) and Yaounde, administrative capital (2.5M inhabitants in 2015).
About 80% of the trips are made on foot, despite the bad conditions and lack of walkways, and moto-taxis are the main mode of transport in the city (with different services: fixed route, on-demand etc.). Sometimes, they can carry up to 3 passengers. Taxis, mini-buses and buses also ensure people’s mobility.
  • The major challenges are:
    • The urban sprawl and the recent development of informal mobility solutions (moto-taxi, mini-bus) to serve the suburban areas;
    • The lack of regulation of these informal modes of transport;
    • The lack of infrastructures, as well as the lack of accessibility to public transport;
    • The high rate of road fatalities;
    • The bad conditions of road infrastructures;
    • The obsolescence of moto-taxis and mini-buses, sources of GHG emissions;
    • The lack of integration between formal and informal transport;
    • The high traffic congestion, the unregulated on-street parking, unregulated market activities and street vendors;
    • The lack of decentralization, especially when it comes to funding.
  • Modal share:
    • Moto-taxis: 18.5%
    • Cars and SUV: 12.22%
    • Taxis: 19.8%
    • Minibus: 1.61%
    • Bus: 6.1%
    • Other: 4.8%


Technical Assistance

  • Strategic objectives
    • Assessment of the implementation over the last decade of the existing urban mobility plan, developed in 2008 and 2010;
    • Revision of the 2008/2010 urban mobility plans to upgrade to a SUMP (with a GHG reduction component), on the basis of an evaluation, and updated and sound data on mobility.
    • Establishment of a vision for the next 10 years, based on an action plan detailing the short term (1-2 years), mid-term (5 years) and long term (10 years) actions.
    • Establishment of a realistic financing plan, with description of the sources of revenue (local/national/international)
  • Operational objectives
    • Organization of workshops with local stakeholders
    • Assessment of the identified and ongoing projects:
      • Development of a ring road and implementation of a BRT, with construction of a bridge over the Wouri river [Project under the aegis of the Urban Community of Douala];
      • Development of a BRT connecting the city-center and the ring-road;
      • Implementation of BRT pilot projects on 3 corridors, to be operated by SOCATUR, with last-mile connectivity ensured by the traditional sector (ongoing study by MARCOPOLO, under the aegis of the Prime Minister);
      • Development of a by-pass road, linking both sides of the Wouri river through a 4th bridge (ongoing study by STUDI INTERNATIONAL, under the aegis of the Public Works Ministry)
      • Construction of a 2nd bridge over the Wouri;
      • Construction of 2 main roads, across Douala city;
      • Extension of the Republic Boulevard towards the north.
    • Improvement the multimodal integration, passenger information and development of ITS;
    • Improvement of pedestrian infrastructures;
    • Development of an Urban Mobility Monitoring Center to monitor and centralize all data;
    • Development of training programs and exchanges with other cities.


 Capacity Development


 04 Steering committees
05 Technical committees
 08 Focus groups
03 Consultation meetings




Main achievements in 2017
Deliverables & Documents :
  • Preparation of the tender documents (review and validation by local and national counterparts)
  • Launch of the tender to revise and upgrade the SUMP in Yaounde
  • Proposals received mid-November 2017
  • Selection of the consultancy
  • Preparation for the consultant’s intervention
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