• India

    Ahmedabad, Kochi, Nagpur

Key Facts

 Beneficiary Partner: Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MOHUA) – Cities of Ahmedabad Kochi and Nagpur
Funding source for support: Asia Investment Facility (AIF), European Commission
Duration of commission: 3 years
Volume: 3,5  million €
Implementing Partner: AFD


Population (year):
Land area (year):
GDP per capita (year):
Urban growth rate
1324 million (2016)
3287 million km² (2016)
$2264 billion (2016)
2.3% (2016)


The Challenge 

  • 2 billion inhabitants in India and 40 cities with over one million inhabitants.
  • India is the third global source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
  • Urban population: 32.7% of total population with an annual growth rate of around 2.3 %, expected to grow from 377 million inhabitants today to 590 million in 2030.
Urban mobility characteristics:
  • Increase in urban mobility needs, resulting from the increase in urban population;
  • Lack of appropriate infrastructures and services: only 20 out of 85 cities with over 500,000 inhabitants benefit from a bus network;
  • Until recently, public transport was operated with old and polluting rolling stock;
  • Rapid development of mass transit systems in main cities – mostly metros.


Technical Assistance

  • Strategic objectives
    • Support three pilot cities in India (namely, Nagpur, Kochi and Ahmedabad) in their efforts to reduce their GHG emissions related to urban transport by implementing urban mobility plans at the local level (project-based approach);
    • Support India at the national level to improve their sustainable transport policy (policy-based strategy),and in particular by its registration in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Secretariat.
  • Operational objectives
    • Elaboration of a toolkit for sustainable and appropriated Comprehensive Mobility Plans (CMP) preparation, and definition of monitoring indicators;
    • Capacity-building for Municipal Corporations and Unified Metropolitan Transport Authorities to (i) implement the toolkit in their cities, (ii) elaborate strategies for low carbon transport with the city stakeholders, (iii) ensure these strategies are monitored through data collection, (iv) transfer the data at the national level;
    • Preparation of CMP with city stakeholders;
    • Creation of a unit or a dedicated body within Urban Local Bodies to collect data and monitor the progress of CMP implementation as a “mobility observatory”;
    • Preparation of a pre-feasibility study on the urban transport priority corridor identified;
    • Dissemination among the donor community of investment opportunities in urban transport and advice to Urban Local Bodies on climate finance access;
    • Support to a national body to gather the data collected at the local level;
    • Elaboration of a Transport NAMA (Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action) document (or equivalent certification of GHG reductions) along with the Ministry of Urban Development and the Ministry for Environment and Forestry;
    • Registration under UNFCCC Secretariat.



Main achievements in 2017
  • Capacity Development
Terms of reference for recruiting a Project Implementation Unit have been drafted and shared with MOHUA.
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