November 13-15 2018, Rabat (Morocco)
A training session involving 13 Maroccan cities in calculating GHG emissions in urban mobility took place in Rabat (Morocco) on November 13th to 15th in the frame of MobiliseYourCity Partnership.
The Marocan Minister of the Interior (DGCL), the MobiliseYourCity Partnership, the French Environment & Energy Management Agency (ADEME) and the consulting company I Care and Consult organised a training session to Maroccan cities committed in the MobiliseYourCity Initiative for a sustainable urban mobility launched during the COP 21.
A plenary day gathered around forty attendees, representing the relevant 13 Maroccan cities (Rabat-Salé-Temara, the Great Casablanca, Oujda, Kenitra, Khouribga, Marrakech, Agadir, Beni-Mellal, El-Jadida, Fès, Safi, Settat, Khemisset).
The morning session was dedicated to awarness modules regarding climate and greenhouse gaz emissions in urban transports, presented by the consulting company I Care and Consult, appointed by the ADEME.
- Module n°1 enabled a discussion on general principles regarding greenhouse gaz and climate change: how can it be scientifically explained? Which Global Governance on the topic? What are the strategies and national policies developed by Marocco in that field?
- Module n°2 was centered on the main principles of the MRV-GHG (Monitoring-Reporting-Verification on greenhouse gaz) approach and on scenarii of emissions mitigation: which steps for such a process? Which methodology to apply? What are the co-benefits, in particular regarding air quality?
- Module n°3 allowed a territorial practice of the MRV-GHG approach implementing process for the urban transports sector: what data should be used to calculate GHG emissions and how to chose them regarding the different transport modes? What services should be included in monitoring committees in order to produce a coordinated work on that topic? What are the existing supporting tools to this approach and how to use them?
TRIGGER, a tool developed by IFEU and mandated by GIZ, was presented. This tool, developed in the frame of MobiliseYourCity, was specifically calibrated for the evaluation of GHG emissions in urban transports on a given territory (local or national). It also enabled the establishment of prospective scenarii in accordance with hypothesis, for example on the modal split or the energy consumption. The 13 Partner cities of MobiliseYourCity Morocco took the opportunity to discover the functioning principles and the data used to fill it. This first approach of the tool will have to be strengthened by other more detailed pick up sessions.
During the afternoon, the urban mobility Monitoring System (SSMU in French) developed by the Directorate General for Local Communities (DGCL in French) was presented. It enables the urban mobility-oriented informations, provided by Maroccan cities, to be centralised in order to have a better understanding and overview on the stakes they are facing, and to monitor them over time. CEREMA also presented the idea and principles of a local Observatory on mobility and the monitoring indicators to implement. To do so, they relied on the Oujda case that they already assist for its own observatory.
The representants of the 13 MobiliseYourCity Partner cities expressed their expectations regarding the urban mobility measures monitoring and evaluation methodology and their impact on climate. This training day also registers as the first MobiliseYourCity Morocco city Club event. A comprehensive action program will be established through the abundant contributions and participations from the city members.
The following days focused on a specific assistance of 3 pilote cities (Rabat-Salé-Temara, Le Grand Casablanca et Oujda) in order to get an overview of the local existing resources to implement the MRV-GHG approach, and to gather their expectations on the urban transports and climate related topic. The three cities volunteered on this topic and identified their assistance needs, and in particular a governance implementation (for example working groups involving environmental public services), on how to get relevant data and on the TRIGGER tool pick up.
The second MobiliseYourCity Morocco City Club training session will take place during the first 2019 quarter and will permit the data collection and development of scenarii regarding the GHG impact of urban transport choices.