• Philippines

    NUMP

Key Facts

Beneficiary Partner: Department of Transportation (DOTr)
Funding source for support: International Climate Initiative (IKI), German Government
Duration of commission: Until June 2019
Volume: approx. 1M EUR
Implementing Partner: GIZ TRANSfer

 

Population (year):
Land area (year):
GDP per capita (year):
Urban growth rate
101 million (2015)
298,170 km² (2015)
$2,951 (2017)
1.375% (2016)

 

The Challenge 

  • Other info on population: 32% of the Philippine population is under 15 years old, and 5% are over 65 years old. 1.57% is identified as persons with disabilities.
  • Transport is one of the largest sources of air pollution and energy-related GHG emissions in the Philippines at 34%, or 30.28 MtCO2e (Department of Energy, 2016).
  • On average, 20% of Filipinos’ disposable income is spent on transport.
  • Philippine GDP grew 6.9% in 2016 and 6.7% in 2017. 36.5% of the Philippines’ GDP comes from Metro Manila, the capital region of the Philippines (Philippine Statistics Authority, 2017). The graph below compares vehicle growth with the GDP per capita (Clean Air Asia, 2017; Philippine Statistics Authority, 2017; LTO).
Urban mobility characteristics:
  • A 2010 World Bank study estimates that deaths attributed to motor vehicle air pollution reached 6,572 in the Philippines in one year, and the 2014 JICA study estimates cost of congestion in Metro Manila alone translates to an estimated loss of 20 billion USD annually.
  • A 2014 study by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) on Metro Manila and the surrounding provinces of Cavite, Laguna, Rizal and Bulacan, estimates the daily trip profile as follows:

Mode

Number of Trips

% of Total Trips

Mode

Number of Trips

% of Total Trips

Walking

10,913

30.7%

Other Private Modes

826

2.3%

Jeepney

6,763

19.1%

Pedicab

631

1.8%

Tricycle

5,687

16.0%

Taxi

315

0.9%

Motorcycle

2,948

8.3%

Truck

270

0.8%

Car

2,894

8.2%

UV Express

261

0.7%

Bus

2,352

6.6%

Other Public Modes

156

0.4%

Train

1,485

4.2%

 

   

 

  • Nationwide transport demand for passenger and freight:
    • Passenger modal split:
      • 5% private and 19.1 public
      • 35% car, 10% bus, 15% mini-bus, 7% bike, 10% walk
    • Freight modal split:
      • 55% LCV, 45% MFT
    • Sectorial transport energy consumption and GHG emissions:
      • 20% of Fuel Combustion CO2 is from Transport (road) diesel and 12.64% from gasoline
      • Transport share in energy demand: 31%
      • Transport share in GHG: 37%

 

Technical Assistance

Presentation of the ambition of the program:
  • Strategic objectives
    • Draft NUMP objectives and targets have been presented to DOTr, with suggested themes/components and interventions. GIZ will support DOTr with Urban Freight, NMT and overall strategic development of NUMP. GIZ already supported DOTr in the context of a public transport reform, which is ongoing (including a national financial support mechanism) and will be part of the NUMP.

 

Capacity Development

03 workshops / seminars
01 study tours

 

Results

Main achievements as of May 2018
  • Policies and targets
    • Draft vision, objectives, and targets have been tentatively agreed on with the DOTr.
  • Deliverables
    • Inventory & Assessment Report;
    • Vision Paper;
  • Capacity Development
    • NUMP Awareness Day in April 2017;
    • NUMP Strategic Planning Workshop in February 2018;
    • MobiliseYourCity Community of Practice Study Tour in Singapore in May 2018;
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