Approaches for Establishing In-Use Vehicle Stock and Vehicle Mileages
Reliable data on the number of vehicles in use by vehicle type and on vehicle mileage form an essential input for a bottom-up emissions inventory for transport. This background paper, which has been compiled on behalf of and sponsored by GIZ covers approaches which serve to establish vehicle mileage. In addition, the paper presents methods applied in Germany, USA and France to obtain an up-to-date vehicle register. Hence, the paper deals with the first two of the three main components for establishing a bottom-up emissions inventory. The focus of the methods discussed in this paper is the passenger car. Special attention is given to the applicability of the presented approaches to two-wheelers. The objective of this paper is to discuss the methods, their strengths and weaknesses as well as the context of the different approaches. This will help identifying approaches, which are suitable for application in different contexts.
Compendium on Greenhouse Gas Baselines and Monitoring – Passenger and Freight Transport
The Passenger and Freight Transport Volume, a new publication of the UNFCCC´s Compendium on GHG Baselines and Monitoring, offers transport planners and policy makers a comprehensive guide through existing methodologies for greenhouse gas (GHG) quantification of different types of transport mitigation actions. The Compendium, which was officially launched during the UNFCCC´s 46th session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation in Bonn, is a UNFCCC coordinated, multi-stakeholder effort to provide a resource map of methodologies, methods, and tools for establishing baselines, and monitoring emissions reductions from mitigation actions
MobiliseYourCity Monitoring and Reporting Approach for GHG Emissions
This publication which has been developed within the MobiliseYourCity Partnership in collaboration with the project “Advancing climate strategies in rapidly motorising countries”, funded by the BMUB, sets out the Greenhouse gas monitoring and reporting principles for the MobiliseYourCity Partnership. The MobiliseYourCity approach to monitoring and reporting proposes that participating cities track the development of transport related GHG emissions (CO2, CH4 and N2O) at city level rather than per measure. The SUMPs form packages of measures that interact with each other and consequently have a bigger impact on emissions than the sum of single measures.
Transport in Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)
This synthesis report shows lessons learnt from case studies of rapidly motorising countries. More than 160 countries submitted their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to reduce GHG emissions and increase resilience. Transport has been recognized as a sector of key relevance for climate change in the NDCs. Due to the limited level of information provided in the official NDC documents, a more in-depth analysis at the country level is needed to be able to assess the role of transport in the NDC development and implementation process. To gain such insight for the transport sector in rapidly-motorising countries, seven case studies were carried out in the following countries: Bangladesh, Colombia, Georgia, Kenya, Nigeria, Peru and Vietnam.