• Tunisia

    NUMP

Key Facts

Beneficiary Partner: Ministry of Transport
Funding source for support: Fonds Français pour l’Environnement Mondial, French Government, and the International Climate initiative (IKI), German Government
Duration of commission: 12 months
Volume : 300 000 € (FFEM), 100 000 € (CEREMA), 200 000 € (GIZ)
Implementing Partners: AFD, GIZ, Cerema, CODATU
Other local partners : National Agency for Energy Management (ANME)

 

Population (year):
Land area (year):
GDP per capita (year):
Urban growth rate
11.4 million
163,610 km²
$11,700
3.6%

 

The Challenge 

Tunisia is the most northern country on the African continent, and is attached to the Maghreb region. It shares borders with Algeria in the West, Libya in the Southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea in the North and East. In terms of infrastructure, Tunisia has seven commercial ports, and plans to build a deep-water port. It also has eight international airports, the most popular being the Tunis-Carthage airport.
The National Railway Company of Tunisia (SNCFT) operates the national network of railways, mainly built between the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, and very little developed thereafter. Today, the majority of people and goods are transported by road. There are now three motorways centered around Tunis, the capital: towards Sfax in the South, Bizerte in the North, and Wadi Zarga in the West.
Many actors are involved in urban transport in Tunisia. Beyond the Ministry of Transport, which is the central entity responsible for planning and developing transport systems in the country, five other ministries are directly and indirectly involved in the sector (see table below). Some of these ministries oversee public agencies that are also involved in the transport and mobility sector.
Regional and local authorities still have a limited role; it is the regional transport directorates and decentralized ministry departments that enforce State strategy at the regional level. The governorates (regional administration) allocate taxi licenses according to quotas defined by the Ministry of Transport. Locally, municipalities implement traffic plans.
In Tunis and Sfax, public transport represents respectively 30% and 21% of the modal share of motorized trips, and loses market share each year, unlike the large European networks that have managed to reverse trends.
The public transport network of Greater Tunis is the most varied of the country with a light rail network – tramway of significant capacity – an extensive bus network and two suburban railway lines. The TGM (Tunis – la Goulette – la Marsa) is the oldest of these lines, with a first operational section since 1842. The main operator of urban transport is the public company TRANSTU under the supervision of the Ministry, and responsible for more than 90% of the network. Only the southern suburban line (future RFR line) is operated by SNCFT and private companies (in the form of concessions) operate a small part of the bus network.
  • Key facts and trends
    • Road Network: 19,300 km
    • Railway Network: 2,167 km
    • Motorization rate (2011): 91.2 cars / 1000 inhabitants
    • Accidents (2013): 24.4 deaths / 100,000 inhabitants
    • Gasoline price: $0.91 US / liter

 

Technical Assistance

The decision was made to focus the MobiliseYourCity support at the national level to assist the Ministry of Transport in the elaboration of the National Urban Mobility Policy. Particular attention is given to:
      • Governance and financial mechanisms (Evaluation and proposals) – Implementation by AFD-FFEM;
      • Establishment of a GHG emissions baseline and inventory based on the MRV methodology – Implementation by GIZ;
      • Capacity development – Implementation by CEREMA (and GIZ).
 
      • Strategic objectives
        • Develop a strategy for urban mobility in order to build a national framework for the development of sustainable urban mobility at the local level;
        • Encourage reforms in the urban transport sector;
        • Develop capacities concerning SUMPs and tools for monitoring GHG emissions in the sector of urban transport;
        • Lay the foundations for the creation of Organizing Transport Authorities, and for the development of SUMPs in the main metropolitan areas (Tunis, Sfax and Sousse).
      • Operational objectives
        • Organization of workshops with local stakeholders;
        • Support to develop a long-term strategy and a review with the Technical Committee;
        • Establishment of a National Urban Mobility Commission;
        • Establishment of a GHG emission baseline and inventory in the urban transport sector;
        • Support the development of a National Observatory for Urban Mobility;
        • Develop SUMPs Guidelines at the National level.
 

 Capacity Development

01 MobiliseDays
 
 

Results

Main achievements in 2017
  • Anchorage of the Partnership
    • Submission of Tunisia to MobiliseYourCity and approval of the funding
    • Launch of the AFD and GIZ tenders for recruiting consultants
    • Set-up of a coordination unit with the Ministry of Transport and MobiliseYourCity partners
  • Deliverables
    • Mobilise Days (March 2017)
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