Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions from transport are currently rapidly increasing, air pollution in Thai cities is dramatically rising, and traffic congestion causes losses in productivity. To reverse this trend, the Thai Government has pledged a 20 per cent reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 – 25 per cent with international support. One third is attributed to the transport sector, making sustainable mobility a priority for Thailand.
The two major challenges for a shift towards sustainable mobility in Thai cities are: a low-quality public transport service based on old vehicles with high specific emissions (25 years on average) and a rapid increase in private motorisation (300,000 new vehicles). Additionally, city administrations lack financial and technical capacities as well as general knowledge on Sustainable Urban Transport.
Thailand is setting up a National Urban Mobility Program (NUMP) called the Thai Clean Mobility Programme (TCMP) to address those two major challenges The programme will help reduce air pollution from vehicles via pricing incentives, using this money as one source of the fund to foster sustainable transport.
A baseline study has already been carried out to define the measures of the TCMP. The TCMP concept was finalized and impacts assessed. Currently the project works on a more detailed design for piloting TCMP in Bangkok. This work is conducted with the support of GIZ.