These guidelines are addressed to urban transport and mobility practitioners and other stakeholders involved
in the development and implementation of a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan.
Urban mobility planning is a challenging and complex task. Planners need to manage many, sometimes conflicting demands and requirements on the local level and even beyond when it comes to contributing to European climate change and energy efficiency targets. The complexity increases in case of political change and in case of severe financial constraints, which is the case in many European countries.
A Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan contributes to reaching the European climate and energy targets set by EU leaders. It has been widely promoted by the European Commission as a new planning concept able to address transport-related challenges and problems of urban areas in a more sustainable and integrative way, for example via the Action Plan on Urban Mobility (2009) and the Transport White Paper (2011) . It is expected that Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans remain on the policy agenda of the European Commission and the Member States. In contrast to traditional transport planning approaches, the new concept places particular emphasis on the involvement of citizens and stakeholders, the coordination of policies between sectors (transport, land use, environment, economic development, social policy, health, safety, energy, etc.), between authority levels and between neighbouring authorities. Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans require a long-term and sustainable vision for an urban area and take account of wider societal costs and benefits with the aim of “cost internalisation” and stress the importance of evaluation.