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  • Light Rail Tunis

    Opened in 1985

MobiliseYourCity in Tunisia

Challenges specific to Tunisia

With an estimated national population of around 11 million, Tunisia is undergoing a rapid urban population growth. Nearly 8 million Tunisians live in the different urban agglomerations of the country. The urban population thus represents more than 67% of the total population today; this proportion was less than 40% in the early 1960s. While overall population growth has slowed down over the past three decades to around 1.2% per year today, the country's main urban agglomerations have experienced rapid urban growth, in particular Tunis, Sousse and Sfax.

Demographic projections show, by 2030, a national population of around 13 million inhabitants, including 10 million urban dwellers, which would be equivalent to a high urbanization rate of around 75%.

Walking is one of the major transport modesmodes of transport in Tunisian cities. Based on the indicators from the 2014 general census in the municipal area, it appears that on average 36% of the working population go to work by walk. The share of collective public transport has dropped from 70% in the 1970s to less than 30% today. In 2014, the public transport modal share had a distribution as follows: 11% for the bus, 4% for rail transport and 12% for non-regular transport (taxi and shared taxi).

The shortcomings of the public transport offer in terms of accessibility and quality of service leads to an increased require the use of walking or private car. The percentage of households owning a car has almost doubled in 20 years, from 15.7% in 1994 to 27% in 2014 at the national level. This upward trend in passenger cars and downward use of public transportation continues to be evidenced.

Urban mobility in Tunisia faces many challenges, such as:

  • Uncontrolled urbanization and peri-urbanization of Tunisian cities with significant impacts on transportation needs and on the functioning of the mobility system as a whole;
  • An insufficient public transport offer and a public transport system suffering from a poor management of its human and financial resources and an inefficient operational organization;
  • Significant and ongoing growth of private cars , leading to ever-increasing congestion (economic impacts and deterioration of atmospheric quality);
  • A very high rate of road accidents leading to a fatality death rate of 24.4 per 100,000 inhabitants;
  • A weakness in governance systems linked in particular to a decentralization process that remains to be carried out.

By adopting a National Urban Mobility Policy (NUMP), the Tunisian Government wishes to review and develop the capacity of the mobility system in order to respond more sustainably to inhabitants mobility demand , while taking into account the socio-political context still in transition since the 2011 Revolution.

Support from MobiliseYourCity

At the national level, MYC supports the Tunisian Ministry of Transport (MDT) and the National Agency for Energy Management (ANME) in the adoption of the NUMP. This work is implemented with the support of the French Development Agency (AFD) through the French Global Environment Facility (FFEM), the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), the French Center for Studies and Expertise on risks, Environment, Mobility and Planning (CEREMA), the MYC Secretariat and CODATU.

The Tunisian NUMP includes the development of an action plan for the period 2019-2025 aiming to achieve seven strategic objectives:

  1. Develop a low-carbon urban mobility
  2. Improving urban accessibility for all
  3. Improving road safety in urban areas
  4. Support decentralization in the urban mobility sector
  5. Strengthen and perpetuate the financing of sustainable urban mobility
  6. Strengthen governance capacities and tools in the field of urban mobility
  7. Clean up, reform and improve public transport

Achievements and results

  • March 2017: launch of the MobiliseYourCity initiative in Tunisia through "Mobilise Days"
  • January 2018: launch of the technical assistance for the development of the NUMP
  • June 2019: final approval of the diagnostic report of the urban mobility sector in Tunisia
  • October 2019: final approval of the Urban Mobility Vision report and recommendations for implementation
  • First semester 2020 (objective) and more to come: approval of the Action Plan and adoption of the entire Tunisian NUMP

Noticias y eventos

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Recursos de Información

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Sobre MobiliseYourCity

MobiliseYourCity es una acción y asociación de múltiples donantes para la coordinación operativa de la planificación de la movilidad urbana sostenible y la programación de inversiones.


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Esta plataforma de conocimiento está financiada por la Unión Europea en el marco de una subvención Intra ACP llamada « Programa de Apoyo a la Movilidad Urbana »